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Russian Federal Space Agency (ROSCOSMOS)
  Since early ninetieth of the last century Russia actively participates in all actions on space debris (SD) problem. In this way the official activity of the Inter-Agency Space Debris Coordination Committee (IADC) was started in Moscow in 1993 when the IADC Terms of Reference had been adopted. Just now the IADC is the leading international technical expert in SD area.

Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) is responsible for coordinated SD policy in full spectrum of issues, including

  • the space debris observation;
  • the modeling of space debris population;
  • the protection of satellites against space debris impact;
  • the space debris mitigation policy.
Roscosmos takes part in all sessions of the IADC, ISO. Every year Roscosmos presents the comprehensive report on space debris mitigation to the Scientific and Technical Subcommittee of the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (UN COPUOS). Roscosmos actively participated in preparing of the "IADC Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines" (2002) and the "UN COPUOS Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines" (2007).

In 1999 the Branch Standard OST 134-1022-99 "Near-Earth Space. Model of spatial - temporary distribution of density of Space Debris" had come into force.

In 2000 the second Branch Standard OST 134-1023-2000 "Space Technology Items. General Requirements for Mitigation of Space Debris Population" had come into force. Standard requirements are similar to best practices of agencies - IADC members and are obligatory for all space assets production and operation activity by the order of Roscosmos.

In 2003 the third Branch Standard OST 134-1031-2003 "Space Technology Items. General Requirements on Spacecraft Shielding Against Space Debris and Meteoroids" had come into force.

In 2008 the President of Russian Federation approved "The Keystones of the Russian Federation Space Policy up to 2020 and beyond". The "...ecological safety of space activity, implementation of technologies and the designs minimizing production of space debris at launch and operation of spacecraft and orbital stations" there were determined as the high priority problems in this document.

In 2009 the Russian National Standard - GOST R 52925-2008 "General Requirements to Spacecraft and Orbital Stages on Space Debris Mitigation" - had come into force. The requirements of the Standard should be applied to all newly designed and updated vehicles of different type: civil, science, commercial, military and manned missions. Application of the Standard requirements spreads to all stages of life cycle of space vehicles: designing, manufacturing, launch, operation and disposal. The requirements of the Standard are fully in line with the UN Mitigation Guidelines.

A number of actions under Roscosmos governing may be recognized as the best debris mitigation practices all over the world. Among them there is controlled re-entry of "Mir" orbital station of 120 tons in weight when community all around the world was highly troubled about the danger of its impact to population and property on the Earth surface. Another example is successful disposal in March 2006 (in according with the IADC rules) of the emergency spacecraft "Express AM - 11" by using of correction and orientation engines. Here it should be noted the annual successful practice (five to six times per year) of TSNIIMASH Mission Control Center in splashing down of a cargo vehicle of "Progress" type and landing of a manned vehicle of "Souz-TM" type to restricted on-ground area that are used in service of the International Space Station (ISS). And one more excellent example of international cooperation in space between Russian and US specialists (TSNIIMASH and NASA Mission Control Centers) in safety assurance of the ISS crew and ISS at all.